EPA Size Class
The size class for cars is based on interior passenger and cargo volumes as described below. The size class for trucks is defined by the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR), which is the weight of the vehicle and its carrying capacity. Fuel economy regulations do not apply to heavy-duty vehicles, so they are not tested.
|Class||Passenger & Cargo Volume (Cu. Ft.)|
(cars designed to seat only two adults)
|Subcompact||85 to 99|
|Compact||100 to 109|
|Mid-Size||110 to 119|
|Large||120 or more|
|Mid-Size||130 to 159|
|Large||160 or more|
|Class||Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)*|
|Pickup Trucks||Through Model Year 2007||Beginning Model Year 2008|
|Small||<4,500 lbs.||<6,000 lbs.|
|Standard||4,500 to 8,500 lbs.||6,000 to 8,500 lbs.|
|Vans||Through 2010||Beginning 2011|
|Passenger||<8,500 lbs.||<10,000 lbs.|
|Sport Utility Vehicles (SUVs)||Through 2010||Beginning 2011|
|<8,500 lbs.||<10,000 lbs.|
|Special Purpose Vehicles||Through 2010||Beginning 2011|
|<8,500 lbs.||<8,500 lbs.
or <10,000 lbs.,
depending on configuration
*Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is calculated as truck weight plus carrying capacity.
Fuel cost estimates assume you will drive 15,000 miles each year, 45% of which will be under highway driving conditions (steady speeds with little or no stopping), 55% in city driving (low speeds with lots of stopping).
Cost to Refuel
Cost to completely refuel the vehicle when the tank (or battery) is 90% empty.
Distance on a Full Tank/Charge
The distance the vehicle can go on a full tank of fuel or on a full battery charge down to 90% empty.
The amount of fuel the vehicle can hold. For a vehicle using gasoline or another liquid fuel, this is the size of the fuel tank in gallons or liters. For electric vehicles, this is the battery capacity in kilowatt-hours. Plug-in hybrids have a capacity for both liquid fuel and electricity.