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Federal Tax Credits for Electric Vehicles Purchased in or after 2010

Federal Tax Credit Up To $7,500!

Electric vehicles (EVs) purchased in or after 2010 may be eligible for a federal income tax credit of up to $7,500. The credit amount will vary based on the capacity of the battery used to fuel the vehicle.

This credit replaces an earlier credit for EVs purchased in 2009.

Small neighborhood electric vehicles do not qualify for this credit, but they may qualify for another credit.

Vehicle Make & Model Full Credit Phase Out No Credit
50% 25%
AMP Electric Vehicles Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2012 GCE Electric Vehicle
GCE Electric Vehicle $7,500
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2012 MLE Electric Vehicle
MLE Electric Vehicle $7,500
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BMW Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2014 i3 Sedan
2014 BMW i3 Sedan $7,500
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BYD Motors Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2012–14 e6 Electric Vehicle
e6 Electric Vehicle $7,500
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CODA Automotive Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2010, 2012 CODA Sedan
CODA Sedan $7,500
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Electric Mobile Cars Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2010 E36 7 Passenger Wagon
E36 7 Passenger Wagon $7,500
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2010 E36t Pick-up Truck
E36t Pick-up Truck $7,500
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2010 E36v Utility Van
E36v Utility Van $7,500
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Fiat Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2013–14 Fiat 500e
Fiat 500e $7,500
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Ford Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2012–14 Ford Focus EV
Ford Focus EV $7,500
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Ford/Azure Dynamics Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2011–12 Transit Connect EV
Azure Dynamics Transit Connect $7,500
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General Motors Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2014–15 Chevrolet Spark EV
Chevrolet $7,500
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Mercedes-Benz Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2014 B-Class EV
B-Class EV $7,500
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Mitsubishi Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2012, 2014 i-MiEV
Mitsubishi i-MiEV $7,500
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Nissan Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2011–15 Leaf
Nissan Leaf $7,500
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smart USA Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2011 fortwo electric vehicle
smart fortwo electric vehicle $7,500
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2013 electric drive (coupe/cabriolet)
smart fortwo electric vehicle $7,500
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Tesla Motors Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2012–14 Model S
Tesla Model S $7,500
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2008–11 Roadster
Tesla Roadster $7,500
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Think Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2011 Think City EV
Think City EV $7,500
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Toyota Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2012–14 RAV4 EV
Toyota RAV4 EV $7,500
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Wheego Jan. 1, 2010, to Present TBD TBD TBD
2011 LiFe
Wheego LiFe $7,500
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Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicles (IRC 30D)

To be certified for the credit by the manufacturer, the vehicle must meet the following requirements:

  • The vehicle must be made by a manufacturer (i.e., it doesn't include conventional vehicles converted to electric drive).
  • It must be treated as a motor vehicle for purposes of title II of the Clean Air Act.
  • It must have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of not more than 14,000 lbs.
  • It must be propelled to a significant extent by an electric motor which draws electricity from a battery which
    • has a capacity of not less than 4 kilowatt hours and
    • is capable of being recharged from an external source of electricity.

The following requirements must also be met for a certified vehicle to qualify:

  • The original use of the vehicle commences with the taxpayer—it must be a new vehicle.
  • The vehicle is acquired for use or lease by the taxpayer, and not for resale. (The credit is only available to the original purchaser of a new, qualifying vehicle. If a qualifying vehicle is leased to a consumer, the leasing company may claim the credit.)
  • The vehicle is used mostly in the United States.
  • The vehicle must be placed in service by the taxpayer during or after the 2010 calendar year.

The credit begins to phase out for vehicles at the beginning of the second calendar quarter after the manufacturer produces 200,000 eligible plug-in electric vehicles (i.e., plug-in hybrids and EVs) as counted from January 1, 2010. IRS will announce when a manufacturer exceeds this production figure and will announce the subsequent phase out schedule (Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit Quarterly Sales).

Diagram illustrating phaseout

Fill out Form 8936Adobe Acrobat Icon, Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit.

For vehicles acquired for personal use, report the credit from Form 8936Adobe Acrobat Icon on the appropriate line of your Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax ReturnAdobe Acrobat Icon.

For vehicles purchased in 2010 or later, this credit can be used toward the alternative minimum tax (AMT).

If the qualifying vehicle is purchased for business use, the credit for the business use of an electric vehicle is reported on Form 3800Adobe Acrobat Icon, General Business Credit.

DISCLAIMER

The information on this page should not be viewed as an official or legally binding document. Other requirements or exceptions may apply. For more detailed information, please consult an IRS tax representative and/or official IRS publications.

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